Drunk Driving Defense

Table of Contents

  • xix
    Table of Checklists
  • xxi
    Table of Forms
  • xxiii
    Table of Pleadings
  • xxv
    Preface
  • xxxi
    Acknowledgments
  • xxxiii
    Comment
  • I. Crime and Punishment
  • 1:1
    Chapter 1 - The Offense
  • §1.0
    1:1
    The Nature of the Crime
  • §1.1
    1:9
    Elements of the Offense: Driving a Vehicle on a Highway
    • §1.1.1
      1:10
      What constitutes "Driving"
    • §1.1.2
      1:19
      Putting the Defendant Behind the Wheel
    • §1.1.3
      1:21
      "Vehicle"
    • §1.1.4
      1:22
      "Highway"
  • §1.2
    1:25
    Elements of the Offense: Under the Influence of Alcohol ("DUI/DWI")
    • §1.2.1
      1:31
      Presumption of Intoxication from Blood-Alcohol Analysis
  • §1.3
    1:38
    Elements of the Offense: With an Excessive Blood-Alcohol Concentration ("Per Se")
    • §1.3.1
      1:42
      Presumption of BAC at Time of Driving
    • §1.3.2
      1:42
      Lay Expertise
    • §1.3.3
      1:43
      Admissibility of Lack-of-Impairment Evidence
  • §1.4
    1:45
    Related Criminal and Civil Liability
    • §1.4.1
      1:45
      Driving Under the Influence of Drugs
    • §1.4.2
      1:51
      Felony Drunk Driving
    • §1.4.3
      1:52
      Manslaughter
    • §1.4.4
      1:58
      Murder
    • §1.4.5
      1:62
      Civil Liability
  • §1.5
    1:64
    Inchoate and Accomplice Ability
    • §1.5.1
      1:64
      Attempted Drunk Driving
    • §1.5.2
      1:65
      Accomplice Liability
  • §1.6
    1:65
    Defenses
    • §1.6.1
      1:66
      Necessity
    • §1.6.2
      1:68
      Entrapment
    • §1.6.3
      1:69
      Duress
    • §1.6.4
      1:69
      Mistake of Fact
  • 2:1
    Chapter 2 - The Sentence
  • §2.0
    2:1
    Criminal Punishment
    • §2.0.1
      2:4
      Prior Convictions
    • §2.0.2
      2:6
      Other Sentence Enhancements
    • §2.0.3
      2:8
      Ignition Interlocks
    • §2.0.4
      2:9
      Vehicle Impound or Forfeiture
  • §2.1
    2:10
    Alternative Sentencing
  • §2.2
    2:15
    Multiple Punishment
    • §2.2.1
      2:17
      Punishment for Both DUI and Per Se Offences
  • §2.3
    2:19
    Probation Violation Hearings
  • 3:1
    Chapter 3 - License Suspension
  • §3.0
    3:1
    Administrative Suspension/Revocation of the Driver's License
    • §3.0.1
      3:4
      Probable Cause and Authority to Arrest
    • §3.0.2
      3:6
      Proof of Driving
    • §3.0.3
      3:6
      Failure to Give a Choice of Tests
    • §3.0.4
      3:7
      Immediate License Seizure
    • §3.0.5
      3:8
      Collateral Estoppel
    • §3.0.6
      3:12
      Double Jeopardy: Criminal and Civil Punishment
  • §3.1
    3:24
    The Per Se Suspension (.08/.10 percent BAC)
    • §3.1.1
      3:27
      "Zero Tolerance": .01 Percent BAC Suspension for Minors
  • §3.2
    3:28
    The Refusal
    • §3.2.1
      3:30
      What Constitutes a "Refusal"
    • §3.2.2
      3:33
      The Defective Implied Consent Advisement
    • §3.2.3
      3:37
      Implied Consent, Miranda and the Right to Counsel
    • §3.2.4
      3:43
      Physical Inability
    • §3.2.5
      3:46
      Attempts to Cure a Refusal
    • Checklist 1
      3:49
      The Refusal
  • §3.3
    3:50
    Suspension Hearings: Discovery, Procedure and Evidence
    • Checklist 2
      3:59
      The License Suspension Hearing (Refusal)
  • II. Pre-Trial
  • 4:1
    Chapter 4 - Pre-Trial Procedures
  • §4.0
    4:1
    Initial Client Contact
    • §4.0.1
      4:2
      The Interview
    • §4.0.2
      4:6
      Educating the Client
    • §4.0.3
      4:15
      The Retainer Agreement
    • §4.0.4
      4:15
      Preliminary Investigation
  • §4.1
    4:19
    Analysis of the Case
    • §4.1.1
      4:19
      The Prosecution's Case
    • §4.1.2
      4:22
      The Defense Case
    • §4.1.3
      4:26
      Conclusions
    • Checklist 3
      4:27
      Evaluating the Case
  • §4.2
    4:29
    The Arraignment
    • §4.2.1
      4:29
      The Defective Complaint
    • §4.2.2
      4:31
      Double Jeopardy
    • Checklist 4
      4:37
      The Arraignment
  • §4.3
    4:37
    Discovery
    • §4.3.1
      4:39
      Objects of Discovery
    • Checklist 5
      4:61
      Possible items for Discovery
    • §4.3.2
      4:62
      Prosecutorial Resistance
    • §4.3.3
      4:63
      The Discovery Motion
    • §4.3.4
      4:78
      The Subpoena Duces Tecum
  • §4.4
    4:88
    Obtaining and Analyzing Blood-Alcohol Evidence
    • §4.4.1
      4:89
      Preservation and Production of Police Sample
    • §4.4.2
      4:103
      Secondary Testing of Client
    • §4.4.3
      4:110
      Independent Analysis and the Defense Expert
  • §4.5
    4:115
    Prior Convictions
    • §4.5.1
      4:117
      Striking the Prior
    • §4.5.2
      4:131
      Priors from Arraignments En Masse
    • §4.5.3
      4:133
      The Uncounselled Prior Baldasar-Nichols
    • §4.5.4
      4:135
      Foreign, Juvenile and Nolo Priors
    • §4.5.5
      4:138
      Bifurcation of Trial
    • §4.5.6
      4:142
      Prosecutorial Burden
    • Checklist 6
      4:144
      Prior Convictions
  • §4.6
    4:145
    Plea Bargaining
  • 5:1
    Chapter 5 - Suppresion of Evidence
  • §5.0
    5:1
    Probable Cause to Stop, Detain and Arrest
    • §5.0.1
      5:6
      Lawful Arrest
    • §5.0.2
      5:8
      The Citizen Informant
    • Checklist 7
      5:12
      Probable Cause
    • §5.0.3
      5:12
      Sobriety Checkpoints
    • Checklist 8
      5:24
      Sobriety Checkpoints
    • §5.0.4
      5:29
      Evasion of Sobriety Checkpoints
  • §5.1
    5:30
    Field Evidence
    • §5.1.1
      5:31
      Verbal Field Sobriety Tests: Muniz
    • §5.1.2
      5:33
      Nonstandardized Field Sobriety Test
    • §5.1.3
      5:36
      Nystagmus
    • §5.1.4
      5:45
      Preliminary Breath Tests
    • §5.1.5
      5:48
      Videotapes, Audiotapes and Photographs
    • §5.1.6
      5:53
      Erased Tapes
    • §5.1.7
      5:57
      Police Obstruction of Witness
  • §5.2
    5:58
    Incriminating Statements and Refusals
    • §5.2.1
      5:63
      Miranda and the DUI Case
    • Checklist 9
      5:70
      Suppressing Incriminating Statements
    • §5.2.2
      5:71
      Refusal to Take Chemical Test: Self-Incrimination
    • §5.2.3
      5:74
      Refusal to Take Chemical Test: Relevance
    • §5.2.4
      5:78
      Refusal to Take Field Sobriety Tests
    • Checklist 10
      5:80
      Suppressing Evidence of Refusal
  • §5.3
    5:81
    Blood-Alcohol Evidence
    • §5.3.1
      5:81
      Defective Implied Consent Advisement
    • §5.3.2
      5:83
      Denial of Second Sample
    • §5.3.3
      5:88
      Denial of Access to Counsel
    • §5.3.4
      5:96
      Forceful Seizure of Blood Sample
    • §5.3.5
      5:99
      The Physician-Patient Privilege
    • §5.3.6
      5:106
      Noncompliance with Testing Regulations
    • §5.3.7
      5:114
      Chain of Custody
    • §5.3.8
      5:118
      Noncompliance with Discovery
    • Checklist 11
      5:120
      Suppressing Blood-Alcohol Evidence
  • III. Trial
  • 6:1
    Chapter 6 - Setting the Stage
  • §6.0
    6:1
    Jury Selection
    • §6.0.1
      6:9
      The Right to a Jury Trial in Drunk Driving Cases
    • §6.0.2
      6:12
      Discovery of Prosecution Records on Jurors
    • §6.0.3
      6:16
      Illustrative Jury Voir Dire
    • §6.0.4
      6:33
      Questionnaires and Propose Written Questions
  • §6.1
    6:38
    The Opening Statement
    • §6.1.1
      6:40
      Illustrative Opening Statement
  • §6.2
    6:44
    Using Demonstrative Evidence
  • 7:1
    Chapter 7 - Field Evidence: The Arresting Officer
  • §7.0
    7:1
    Field Evidence and the Arresting Officer
    • §7.0.1
      7:3
      The Officer as DUI Witness
    • §7.0.2
      7:8
      Preparation: Using Reports, Articles and the DMV
    • §7.0.3
      7:10
      Foundation : Training and Experience
    • §7.0.4
      7:13
      The Judo Approach in DUI Trials
    • §7.0.5
      7:15
      Audiovisual Evidence
    • §7.0.6
      7:18
      Countering with a Defense Police Expert
    • Checklist 12
      7:20
      General Cross-Examination of the Arresting Officer
  • §7.1
    7:21
    Observations of Driving
    • §7.1.1
      7:25
      The NHTSA Studies
  • §7.2
    7:27
    Behavior and Appearance of the Defendant
    • §7.2.1
      7:31
      Initial Behavior
    • §7.2.2
      7:33
      Clothing and Grooming
    • §7.2.3
      7:34
      Bloodshot Eyes
    • §7.2.4
      7:36
      Flushed Face
    • §7.2.5
      7:37
      Odor of Alcohol on Breath
    • §7.2.6
      7:40
      Speech Thick and Slurred
    • Checklist 13
      7:42
      Physical Appearance and Symptoms
  • §7.3
    7:44
    Field Sobriety Tests
    • §7.3.1
      7:49
      Cross-Examination Techniques
    • Checklist 14
      7:60
      Field Sobriety Tests
    • §7.3.2
      7:61
      Preliminary Breath Tests
    • §7.3.3
      7:67
      Pupil Reaction Test
  • §7.4
    7:69
    Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus
    • Checklist 15
      7:76
      Nystagmus
    • §7.4.1
      7:78
      Illustrative Cross-Examination on Nystagmus
    • §7.5
      7:90
      The NHTSA Standardized Field Sobriety Tests
    • §7.5.1
      7:94
      Walk-and-Turn
    • §7.5.2
      7:98
      One-Leg-Stand
    • §7.5.3
      7:101
      Nystagmus
  • §7.6
    7:106
    Ten Cross-Examination Techniques
    • §7.6.1
      7:106
      The Infallible Cop
    • §7.6.2
      7:107
      Selective Recall
    • §7.6.3
      7:108
      The Wedge
    • §7.6.4
      7:111
      The Magic Memory
    • §7.6.5
      7:112
      Xeroxed Symptoms
    • §7.6.6
      7:114
      The Disappearing Sway
    • §7.6.7
      7:115
      The Negative Pregnant
    • §7.6.8
      7:116
      Reverse Impairment
    • §7.6.9
      7:117
      The Rigged Scoreboard
    • §7.6.10
      7:121
      The Bomb
  • §7.7
    7:122
    Illustrative Cross-Examination of Arresting Officer
  • 8:1
    Chapter 8 - Chemical Evidence: The Forensic Expert
  • §8.0
    8:1
    Blood-Alcohol Analysis
    • §8.0.1
      8:4
      Alcohol and the Human Body
    • §8.0.2
      8:9
      The Fallacy of the "Average Person"
    • §8.0.3
      8:11
      Individual Tolerance
    • §8.0.4
      8:14
      Women and Alcohol
    • §8.0.5
      8:17
      The Rising BAC Curve
    • §8.0.6
      8:18
      Retrograde Extrapolation
    • §8.0.7
      8:29
      Eating, Smoking and Alcohol Metabolism
    • §8.0.8
      8:34
      The Zinc Factor
    • §8.0.9
      8:34
      Internally Produced Alcohol
    • §8.0.10
      8:35
      Radio Frequency Interference (RFI)
    • §8.0.11
      8:42
      Inherent Error
  • §8.1
    8:45
    Breath Analysis
    • §8.1.1
      8:49
      The Blood-Breath Partition Ratio
    • §8.1.2
      8:53
      Nonspecific Analysis
    • §8.1.3
      8:62
      Testing During the Absorptive State
    • §8.1.4
      8:64
      Mouth Alcohol
    • §8.1.5
      8:71
      Hematocrit
    • §8.1.6
      8:72
      Body Temperature
    • §8.1.7
      8:73
      Breathing Pattern
    • §8.1.8
      8:75
      Stress
    • §8.1.9
      8:76
      Simulator Calibration
    • §8.1.10
      8:79
      Used Mouthpiece
    • §8.1.11
      8:79
      Ambient Air
    • Checklist 16
      8:81
      Breath Analysis
  • §8.2
    8:82
    The Machines
    • §8.2.1
      8:84
      The Intoxilyzer 5000
    • Checklist 17
      8:109
      Intoxilyzer 5000
    • §8.2.2
      8:110
      The Intoximeter 3000
    • Checklist 18
      8:123
      Intoximeter 3000
    • §8.2.3
      8:124
      The BAC Verifier/Datamaster
    • Checklist 19
      8:134
      BAC Verifier/Datamaster
  • §8.3
    8:136
    Blood Analysis
    • §8.3.1
      8:146
      Sterilization
    • §8.3.2
      8:150
      Fermentation
    • §8.3.3
      8:152
      Whole Blood Versus Serum/Plasma
    • §8.3.4
      8:155
      Arterial Versus Venous Blood
    • Checklist 20
      8:156
      Blood Analysis
  • §8.4
    8:157
    Urinalysis
    • §8.4.1
      8:162
      The Urine: Blood Ratio
    • §8.4.2
      8:164
      The Incomplete Void
    • §8.4.3
      8:166
      Candida Albicans
    • Checklist 21
      8:167
      Urinalysis
  • §8.5
    8:168
    Ten Cross-Examination Techniques
    • §8.5.1
      8:170
      The Smart Machine
    • §8.5.2
      8:174
      The Spiked Aspirin
    • §8.5.3
      8:175
      Close Enough for Government Work
    • §8.5.4
      8:176
      How Infrared Works—and Why It Doesn't
    • §8.5.5
      8:178
      The Defective Warranty
    • §8.5.6
      8:182
      RFI Magic
    • §8.5.7
      8:183
      A Ton of Beer
    • §8.5.8
      8:184
      The Invisible Breath Sample
    • §8.5.9
      8:185
      Wonder Blood
    • §8.5.10
      8:186
      Purple Urine
    • §8.5.11
      8:187
      A Lot of Hot Air
  • §8.6
    8:187
    Illustrative Cross-Examination of the Expert
  • §8.7
    8:213
    The Defense Blood-Alcohol Expert
    • §8.7.1
      8:217
      Illustrative Direct Examination of Defense Expert
    • §8.7.2
      8:227
      Preparing the Defense Expert for Cross-Examination
  • 9:1
    Chapter 9 - The Lay Witness
  • §9.0
    9:1
    Cross-Examination of the Percipient Witness
    • §9.0.1
      9:5
      Illustrative Cross-Examination of Percipient Witness
  • §9.1
    9:10
    The Defense Sobriety Witness
    • §9.1.1
      9:11
      Illustrative Direct Examination of Sobriety Witness
    • §9.1.2
      9:14
      Preparing the Sobriety Witness for Cross-Examination
  • §9.2
    9:17
    Should the Defendant Testify?
    • §9.2.1
      9:21
      Preparing the Defendant
    • §9.2.2
      9:26
      Illustrative Direct Examination of the Defendant
  • 10:1
    Chapter 10 - Summation and Jury Instruction
  • §10.0
    10:1
    Jury Instructions
    • §10.1
      10:11
      The Closing Argument
    • T:1
      Table of Cases
    • R:1
      Resources
    • B:1
      Bibliography
    • I:1
      Index
  • Table of Forms
    • Form 1
      §4.0.1
      Client Interview Questionnaire
    • Form 2
      §4.0.1
      Client Interview Form — Condensed Version
    • Form 3
      §4.0.3
      Attorney's Retainer & Fee Agreement
    • Form 4
      §4.3.1
      Arrest and Booking Report
    • Form 5
      §4.3.1
      Sobriety Examination
    • Form 6
      §4.3.1
      Operator's Intoximeter 3000 Checklist
    • Form 7
      §4.3.1
      Intoxilyzer 5000 Calibration and Maintenance Log
    • Form 8
      §4.3.1
      Medical Release
    • Form 9
      §4.3.1
      Police DUI Report
    • Form 10
      §7.6.9
      Field Sobriety Tests
    • Form 11
      §8.2.1
      Intoxilyzer 5000 Checklist
    • Form 12
      §8.2.1
      Intoxilyzer 5000 Test Card for Recording Results
    • Form 13
      §8.2.2
      Intoximeter 3000 Checklist and Test Record
    • Form 14
      §8.5.5
      Manufacturer's Warranty for Intoxilyzer 5000
  • Table of Pleadings
    • §3.3
      Respondent's interrogatories to petitioner
    • §3.3
      Request for administrative review
    • §4.3.3
      Accused's motion for discovery in DWI prosecution (blood test)
    • §4.3.4
      Motion for order directing pre-trial inspection, Subpoena duces teum
    • §4.4.1
      Notice of motion to preserve and produce blood Sample, Points and authorities, Declaration of Attorney, Order to preserve and produce blood Sample
    • §4.4.3
      Order appointing independent laboratory and order to produce
    • §4.4.3
      Order for appointment of chemical expert to testify At pre-trial motions and/or trial
    • §4.5.1
      Notice of motion to strike and declare alleged prior Conviction or convictions unconstitutional, Declaration of defendant in support of motion, Supplemental points and authorities in support of motion
    • §5.0
      Notice of motion to suppress evidence
    • §5.0.3
      Notice of motion to suppress, Points and authorities in support of motion to suppress
    • §6.0.2
      Motion for disclosure of prior jury service an information on prospective jurors
    • §6.0.4
      Defendant's Questions to the Jury
Back to Top

Offices Located In


  • Rancho Cucamonga 8608 Utica Avenue, Suite 220, Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730 909.689.4515
  • Huntington Beach 16152 Beach Blvd, Suite 280, Huntington Beach, CA 92647 562.989.4774
  • Irvine 19800 Macarthur Boulevard #300, Irvine, CA 92612 949.752.1550
  • Long Beach 3780 Kilroy Airport Way #200, Long Beach, CA 90806 562.989.4774
  • Riverside 7121 Magnolia Avenue Suite H, Riverside, CA 92504 951.369.4999
  • Orange 1045 West Katella Avenue #350, Orange, CA 92867 714.716.2589
  • Torrance 21515 Hawthorne Boulevard Suite 200, Torrance, CA 90503 424.271.0490
  • Beverly Hills 468 N. Camden Drive, Second Floor, La Colonade Building, Beverly Hills, CA 90210 310.746.1960

Call or email the Firm’s founder, Lawrence Taylor, or our Managing Attorney, Chris Taylor, for a free consultation.